H. Josef Hebert
Washington — Congress is all but abandoning President Barack Obama’s goal of producing fully one-quarter of the nation’s electricity from renewable sources — wind, solar and the like — by 2025, though a push for at least some increase is making headway.
The House and Senate are considering legislation that would establish the first national requirement for electric utilities to generate a certain percentage of their power from renewable energy, including wind turbines, solar cells, biomass and geothermal sources.
To gain wider congressional support, the proposals have been whittled back. They now pale in comparison to what Obama repeatedly maintained is feasible and necessary to shift the nation away from coal and other fossil fuels and to clean energy sources.
This shift, he argues, is needed to combat climate change and make the nation more energy independent.
The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee is expected Thursday to approve energy measures calling for 15 percent of the country’s power to come from renewable sources by 2021. A huge climate bill, likely to be considered in the coming weeks in the House, would require 20 percent renewable energy use by 2020.
Nothing near that amount will actually be achieved by the mandate — or even required — because of compromises made to exempt some utilities and let others substitute efficiency improvements for a large chunk of the renewable energy requirement.
By contrast, Obama — both in the presidential campaign and since occupying the White House — has called for a much more aggressive shift to renewable energy. He set a goal of 10 percent renewable energy use by power producers by 2012 and 25 percent by 2025.
The bills before Congress would require a modest 3 to 6 percent renewable energy use by most utilities during the next three years. Total U.S. renewable energy use for power generation is about 3 percent, not counting hydroelectric power.
Sponsors of the Senate and House bills wanted a more aggressive approach, but have had to accommodate a string of compromises to garner the needed support for passing any kind of national mandate.
“I urged the committee to adopt a stronger standard, and we clearly didn’t have the votes for that,” said Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., chairman of the Senate energy panel. Bingaman, who wanted at least a 20 percent mandate, said he hopes the measure can be strengthened when it is considered by the full Senate.
In what is viewed by renewable energy advocates as a major weakening of the mandates, the House bill lets utilities meet 40 percent of the requirement by adopting energy efficiency programs. The Senate proposal would allow 25 percent of its target to be met by efficiency improvement.
But the measures have been diluted even more by other provisions.
Both bills, for example, would exempt most publicly owned utilities that account for nearly 10 percent of the nation’s electricity.
The measures also would scale back the mandate if a utility builds a coal plant that can capture carbon dioxide, builds a new nuclear power plant or increases power generation from an existing reactor.
Marchant Wentworth of the Union of Concerned Scientists said the exemptions and other provisions amount to a “backdoor way of reducing the requirement.” He said when all the fine print is taken into account, the Senate proposal may require as little as 8 or 9 percent renewable energy and the House version only slightly more.
Mark Sinclair, whose Clean Energy States Alliance works with state renewable energy programs, maintains the congressional mandates “are very weak and really will not require any additional renewables beyond what states already are doing.”
Sinclair cites an analysis by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory showing the national mandates being considered by lawmakers would in some cases result in less renewable energy being used by 2030 than what is anticipated under existing state requirements and from incentives from Obama’s economic recovery program.
“It will be meaningless. It’s just a gesture,” said Sinclair of the bills before the House and Senate.