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Small businesses divided over minimum wage

By Joyce M. Rosenberg
AP Business Writer

Ken Jarosch, owner of Jarosch Bakery, poses for a portrait with two skilled workers at the family bakery, in Elk Grove Village, Ill. Jarosch thinks he’ll have to raise prices and hire fewer part-timers for his bakery if the state’s minimum wage rises. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

Ken Jarosch, owner of Jarosch Bakery in Elk Grove Village, Ill., stands with two skilled workers in his family bakery. Jarosch thinks he’ll have to raise prices and hire fewer part-timers for his bakery if the state’s minimum wage rises. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

NEW YORK — Workers in five states (sorry Wisconsin) could get a raise after Election Day.

Some small-business owners say raising the minimum wage will pressure their companies, forcing them to cut employees’ hours or jobs. Others say it is the right thing to do for workers and the economy.

Minimum wage referendums are on Tuesday’s ballots in Alaska, Arkansas, Illinois, Nebraska and South Dakota, where minimums range from $6.25 to $8.25 an hour. Higher minimums already were approved this year in 10 states, the District of Columbia and Seattle.

Ken Jarosch said he thinks he will have to raise prices and hire fewer part-timers for his Elk Grove Village, Ill.-based Jarosch Bakery if the state’s minimum wage rises. Illinois’ referendum is nonbinding, giving the state Legislature the voters’ opinion on the measure. Jarosch’s costs would rise about 5.5 percent if the wage rises from $8.25 to $10. He has about a dozen high school students earning minimum wage out of his staff of 60 people.

“I’d have to increase my prices about 2.5 or 3 percent,” said Jarosch, adding he also is concerned about a proposed increase of Chicago’s minimum wage to $13. If that happens, he may boost pay even more to prevent workers from leaving to take jobs in the city.

Companies are more likely to raise prices than cut jobs. Thirty percent would pass along an increase to customers, according to a May survey by Pepperdine University’s Graziadio School of Business and Management. Fourteen percent would cut hours, and nearly 12 percent would lay off employees.

An upward trend

The minimum wage this year also rose in 11 states because of inflation. And President Barack Obama in February ordered companies with federal contracts to pay at least $10.10 an hour. Obama wants the $7.25 federal minimum raised to $10.10. About 3.3 million, or 2 percent, of the workforce is at or below the federal minimum, according to the U.S. Labor Department.

Seasonal workers at Rick Poore’s Lincoln, Neb., screen printing and embroidery company earn the minimum wage. Tuesday’s referendum could raise the state minimum from $7.25 to $8 on Jan. 1, and another $1 in 2016.

“That’s not going to break my bank,” said Poore, owner of Shirts101. If workers earn more, they’ll have more money to spend and help the economy grow, Poore said.

Kristin Kohn voluntarily raised the minimum wage at her Indianapolis gift shop, Silver in the City, to $10.10 an hour when Obama signed an executive order on federal contractors’ pay. She previously paid workers $8.50. Indiana’s minimum is $7.25. The higher wage costs her about 1 percent in profit, but she said it’s worth it.

“It’s important to have quality employees who care about what they’re doing,” she said.

Support, with limits

Kohn isn’t alone. Eighty-one percent of small-business owners who pay hourly wages pay above the minimum, according to a survey by The Hartford. Two-thirds of those owners support raising the federal minimum.

But as much as some owners believe the minimum wage should increase, higher rates pose a challenge. Andy Carlson budgets each year for a higher minimum wage because Colorado’s minimum, now $8, rises with the cost of living. About five of the 60 staffers at his two Ace Hardware stores in Denver earn the minimum.

He said believes the minimum should rise along with inflation, but he said he is concerned about the calls for $10.10 per hour. That big of an increase may lead him to not hire as much.

“At some point,” Carlson said, “there’s a business reality that we can’t continue to add people regardless of the cost.”

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