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States join battle to protect Great Lakes from Asian carp

By JOHN FLESHER
AP Environmental Writer

TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — An interstate partnership has been established to help cover the cost of operating a system proposed for a Chicago-area waterway that would help keep invasive Asian carp out of the Great Lakes, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder said Wednesday.

The initiative would support work to the Brandon Road Lock and Dam near Joliet, Illinois, a choke point between the carp-infested Mississippi River watershed and Lake Michigan. A $275 million draft plan released last year by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers would attempt to block the carps’ path to the lake with a gauntlet of devices, including an electric barrier, noisemakers and water jets.

Four types of carp imported from Asia in the 1960s are threatening to attack the lakes, where scientists say they could out-compete native species and upend a $7 billion fishing industry. An adult silver carp, one of the Asian varieties, was found last June in Chicago’s Little Calumet River just 9 miles from Lake Michigan, although most of the population is believed to be much farther downstream.

“To have these carp come into these lakes would be devastating,” Snyder said in South Haven, where he announced the new Great Lakes Basin Partnership to Block Asian Carp. “There’s been too much talk and not enough action.”

The Army Corps is drawing up a final version of its Brandon Road plan under a schedule that calls for construction to begin in 2022 and to wrap three years later. Officials in some Great Lakes states, including Michigan, are pushing for faster action. But Illinois is resisting, fearing the project would disrupt freight shipping on the busy waterway.

Snyder said the multi-state coalition could remove one obstacle by providing money required to supplement federal outlays. In particular, the Corps wants partners outside the federal government to pay about $8 million a year for operation and maintenance once the system is up and running. Coalition members would share those costs for five years while seeking other long-term sources.

Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin and the Canadian province of Ontario have joined the partnership, he said. States in the region that have yet to sign on include Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania, plus the province of Quebec. But those on board have more than 90 percent of the lakes’ surface area in their jurisdiction.

The amount contributed by each state would depend on how much of the Great Lakes they contain. Michigan, with more than 40 percent of the surface area, would pay the most, followed by Ontario, which has 36 percent. Wisconsin has roughly 10 percent and Ohio about 4 percent.

The plan would require the legislatures’ approval and fine-tuning as the development of the Brandon Road project continues. But advocates said the states’ commitment draws attention to the urgency of the threat.

“We are in a race against the clock,” said Molly Flanagan, vice president of policy of the Alliance for the Great Lakes, noting that the silver carp found last summer had apparently gotten around electric barriers that presently form Lake Michigan’s last line of defense.

Snyder said Michigan has also talked to the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago about helping with construction costs for the Brandon Road project. The Army Corps draft report said the federal government should pay 65 percent of the $270 million, and a “non-federal partner” should provide the rest.

David St. Pierre, executive director of the Chicago water district, said a recently enacted law could enable cities or states to help cover the costs using money the federal government owes them for advance payment toward other public projects.

But he said the district’s board would have to approve any use of Chicago’s money for the Brandon Road project — an unlikely prospect unless it’s redesigned to satisfy Illinois’ objections.

“With the current proposal, there’s no way I would be willing to ask the board to support it,” St. Pierre said. Still, he praised Snyder for setting up the partnership to seek common ground.

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