By STEVE KARNOWSKI
MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — Minnesota will require car manufacturers to sell more electric vehicles in the state starting in the 2023 model year, Gov. Tim Walz said on Wednesday, a step meant to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions while defying the Trump administration’s efforts to revoke California’s clean-air and fuel-economy standards for cars and trucks.
The Democratic governor said the new clean-car standards would reduce emissions that contribute to climate change while saving Minnesotans money at the gas pump. But he said people who want to buy and drive big pickup trucks and SUVs will be free to continue doing so.
“If you want to drive your F-150 (pickup) to take your ice house out to the lake, continue to do that,” Walz said in a conference call with reporters. “But we’re going to also make sure that there’s ice on that lake in January.”
Walz and Laura Bishop, commissioner of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, said the department next month will start an 18-month rulemaking process to require manufacturers to offer more hybrid and fully electric vehicles in the state, having a goal to have the final rule adopted by December 2020. Walz said Minnesotans now have a choice of about 19 hybrid or electric vehicles. The 13 other states that have adopted similar low- and zer0-emission standards have 43 options.
“It doesn’t dictate to what people will buy,” Walz said. “The market will determine this. And right now the market is working in these 13 other states.”
Walz’s plan prompted some immediate blowback from Republicans. Senate Majority Leader Paul Gazelka called it unrealistic, expensive and “unworkable for most people.” Rep. Paul Torkelson, the top Republican on the House transportation panel, said using the rulemaking process will let Walz bypass citizens “to enact his own radical agenda.”
But environmental groups lauded the plan. Steve Morse, executive director of the Minnesota Environmental Partnership, called it a sensible step to reduce a contributor to air pollution “that makes us sick.”
The plan essentially would follow California’s standards, which are stricter than the federal regulations. Walz said Minnesota would be the first Midwest state to take this step, joining states including Pennsylvania, Maine and Colorado. Walz said the plan needs no approval from the Legislature.
Under the proposed low-emission vehicle standard, affecting hybrids, each manufacturer would have to meet fleet-wide standards according to their vehicle mix, reducing average car emissions by 5% a year through the model year 2025. The proposed separate standard for zero-emission vehicles, which are fully electric, would require manufacturers to deliver an increasing number of them annually.
The governor and commissioner did not offer estimates on how the requirements might affect vehicle prices in Minnesota.
Bishop, who drives an electric vehicle, said the charging stations needed for electrical vehicles already exist in much of Minnesota and their number is increasing. Walz said rural electric co-ops and hotels see them as an opportunity for growth.
Minnesota has already joined 22 other states in a lawsuit filed Friday that seeks to uphold states’ rights to set their own car-emission standards. Walz called the Trump administration’s decision reckless, backward-looking and illegal, and he predicted the effort to roll back that authority will fail.
“They will not win in court,” he said. “It is a blatant push. The only people happy about the decision that they made were the oil companies.”