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Great Lakes water surge eases after 2 record-setting years

Erosion reaches a house along Lake Michigan's southwestern shoreline in Stevensville, Michigan, on Dec. 4, 2019. A months-long spell of dry, mild weather is giving the Great Lakes a break after two years of high water that shattered records and heavily damaged shoreline roads and homes, officials said on Monday. (Robert Franklin/South Bend Tribune via AP. file)

Erosion reaches a house along Lake Michigan’s southwestern shoreline in Stevensville, Michigan, on Dec. 4, 2019. A months-long spell of dry, mild weather is giving the Great Lakes a break after two years of high water that shattered records and heavily damaged shoreline roads and homes, officials said on Monday. (Robert Franklin/South Bend Tribune via AP. file)

By JOHN FLESHER
AP Environmental Writer

TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — A spell of dry, mild weather is giving the Great Lakes a break after two years of high water that has shattered records and heavily damaged shoreline roads and houses, officials said Monday.

Although still above their normal level, the lakes have dropped steadily since last fall and are expected to remain below their 2020 levels for most of this year, according to a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers forecast.
“Over the next six months, the worst is behind us,” said John Allis, chief of Great Lakes hydrology at the Corps’ Detroit district. “We really shouldn’t be seeing anywhere near the record highs that we saw last year.”

But officials cautioned that it’s too early to declare an end to the high-water period.

Lake levels usually fluctuate reliably with the seasons each year. But long-term trends that can bring extreme, prolonged surges or drop-offs depending on how much rain and snow falls, temperatures and the rate of evaporation, all of which are hard to predict.

“Certainly there’s a suggestion based on the recent past that precipitation will go back up again,” said Jeff Andresen, the Michigan state climatologist. “So it’s something we’ll just have to be aware of and be prepared.”

A decline that began in the late 1990s, bottoming out in early 2013, gave way to a rapid climb that has eroded shorelines and hammered infrastructure. Records were shattered on all five lakes.

An organization representing coastal cities and towns has conservatively estimated there has been more than $500 million worth of damage.

Scientists say the warming global climate may produce more abrupt swings in the future. But for now, it appears the region will get some relief.

The weather was milder and drier than usual from November through April, and winter snowfall was well below normal. Aside from a cold snap in February, the lakes had relatively little ice cover. Low humidity and sunny skies boosted evaporation.

“This is one of the drier years we’ve seen in some time,” as large parts of the region were deemed to be in a moderate drought, Andresen said.

Each of the lakes was down significantly in April from the same month in 2020. Lake Ontario dropped 28 inches, and lakes Huron and Michigan — which are connected and have the same level — were down 14 inches. Lake Erie was down 17 inches and Lake Superior 6 inches.

Although the lakes will rise this spring and summer as they do every spring and summer, the change began late this year and won’t have as great of consequences as the previous two years, Allis said.

But the effects linger, as residents and governments deal with environmental and infrastructure damage and debate the wisdom of hasty measures to protect shoreline property, particularly the construction of breakwalls and jetties used to steer water and sediment elsewhere.

“What’s happening upshore may have an impact downshore,” said Brandon Krumwiede, a physical scientist in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s coastal management office.

Copyright 2021 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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