As contractors know, in Wisconsin most commercial building plans must be reviewed by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Standards, or to a delegated local unit of government.
In the best of times, these reviews cost a little bit of money, and take a little bit of time. But really, the review is nothing more than a formality. If heaven forbid, anything goes wrong with a commercial building, blame goes to builders and more likely the engineer or the architect who approved the building plans, not a state bureaucrat.
I became intimately aware of the problem when there was a significant delay on a plan review for the remodeling of a shelter at Homestead Hollow County Park. Thanks to Dan Hereth at the DSPS, the review was back on track and the citizens of Washington County should soon be able to reserve the converted barn for gatherings.
Another park-remodeling project in Sandy Knoll County Park is currently being held up, again by Madison government employees. The difficulties regarding the barns highlight a problem which needs to be solved because it is not just government projects being unnecessarily delayed.
Yes, commercial-plan review delays have preceded Governor Evers’ administration, but the problem is getting worse. For example, in 2017, 8,845 plans were reviewed. In 2019, 7,408 were reviewed. At the same time, reviews have been taking longer, going from 22 days on average in the first quarter of 2017 to 46 days in the third quarter of 2019.
The delays also show up for plumbing and sprinkler plans, which also must be reviewed by the DSPS or a delegated local government. Before COVID19, some contractors were waiting five months to have their plans reviewed. Even now, during the shutdown, reviews are taking up to two months, twice as long as DSPS’s stated goal. This wait is going to get longer as the economy reopens. In the past, some construction projects that were ready in late summer and fall had to wait to break ground until spring because of the approvals backlog. That means new and expanded businesses and schools, and the jobs to build them and to run them and the tax dollars that come from those businesses, are unnecessarily delayed.
It is bad enough to slow park renovations. Now, Madison is slowing economic growth in Washington County.
Fortunately, there is a solution. A state senator from Washington County, Duey Stroebel, has introduced legislation that would significantly streamline reviews of commercial plans. Under the plan, routine commercial building plans would not need to be reviewed by the DSPS or a local unit of government if they were approved by a licensed engineer, architect, or designer. Routine plans, for example, could be for one-story buildings that would not be a place where a significant amount of people assemble, or would not be high-risk buildings. So, all developers of schools, medical, childcare, apartments, multifamily housing units, churches, bars, theaters and any building one story or greater would still need to have commercial plans reviewed by government. In all cases, building inspections would not be affected by the legislation. The point is to have professionals mostly on large, high-risk and less on routine commercial plans.
Also under the legislation, commercial plumbing plans with 25 or fewer fixtures would not need to be reviewed by state or local units of government if they were approved by a licensed master plumber. Right now, plumbing plans calling for fifteen or fewer fixtures are not reviewed. For reference, most new homes with a master and a main bath have 24 fixtures, and their plumbing plans are not reviewed because they are not commercial buildings.
Unfortunately, the legislation was introduced late, so it did not have a chance to become law. But, there is no reason that the DSPS under Gov. Evers could not institute many of the proposals using the administrative rule process. That would ensure the reform is in place before Wisconsin’s construction season comes to an end this fall. If the DSPS fails to act, construction employers that are literally building Wisconsin will have to wait until the 2021 building season at the earliest to get systematic reform of the review process for commercial plans.
After COVID19, Washington County and Wisconsin need to get back to work. Unfortunately, a bureaucratic process is literally getting in the way of rebuilding our economy.
Josh Schoemann is the first elected Washington County Executive. After serving in the Army National Guard, Schoemann began his career in local government. He lives with his wife and two kids in Hubertus. He can be emailed at firstname.lastname@example.org.